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2010-8-25 9:09:10  紫铭教育

4, Pilgrim Fathers

The Pilgrim Fathers(also the Pilgrims) are the 102 English people who sailed to America on the Mayflower (see in picture) in 1620. Their group included 35 Puritans whose aim was to create a safe religious community in the New World. The Pilgrims probably landed at Plymouth Rock, and they established Plymouth Colony.




5Jean Jacques Rousseau


Jean Jacques Rousseau, (1712--1778) was a philosopher, writer, and composer of the Enlightenment, whose political philosophy influenced the French Revolution and the development of liberal, conservative, and socialist theory. With his Confessions and other writings, he invented modern autobiography and encouraged a new focus on the building of subjectivity that bore fruit in the work of thinkers as diverse as Hegel and Freud. His novel Julie, ou la nouvelle Héloïse was one of the best-selling fictional works of the eighteenth century and of great importance to the development of romanticism. He also made important contributions to music as a theorist and a composer, and was reburied alongside other French national heroes in the Panthéon in Paris, sixteen years after his death, in 1794.




6, Noble Savage


Noble savage is a person belonging to a tribe or group that lives in a simple way, in close contact with the land, animal, etc. the description was first used by 18th writers such as Jean-Jacques Rousseau, who thought that such people were naturally good and honest because they were free from the bad influences of European society.

The attributes of the "noble savage" often included: Living in harmony with Nature, Generosity and selflessness, Innocence, Inability to lie, fidelity, Physical health, Disdain of luxury, Moral courage, "Natural" intelligence or innate, untutored wisdom